A population-based study on the association between the intake of soft drinks and periodontal disease in Taiwanese adults aged 35-44 years (KCIS no. 33)

Jean Ching Yuan Fann, Hongmin Lai, Sherry Yueh Hsia Chiu, Amy Ming Fang Yen, Sam Li Sheng Chen, Hsiu His Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To elucidate the association between the intake of soft drinks and periodontal disease (PD) among Taiwanese middle-aged adults. Design: The cross-sectional design was employed to assess a dose–response relationship between the intake of soft drinks and PD after controlling for relevant confounding factors, with adjusted odds ratios obtained from a multivariate logistic regression model. Setting: Keelung Community-based Integrated Screening (KCIS) programme, Keelung, Taiwan. Subjects: Participants (n 10 213) aged 35–44 years who had undergone oral checks for PD between 2005 and 2009. Results: A dose–response relationship between the intake of soft drinks and elevated risk for PD defined by community periodontal index ≥3 (the current status of PD) was noted (P=0·02 by trend test). Compared with infrequent intake of soft drinks (≤2 times/week), the adjusted OR increased from 1·05 (95 % CI 0·92, 1·20) for the frequency of 3–4 times/week to 1·17 (95 % CI 1·03, 1·34) for the frequency of ≥5 times/week. A similar trend (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1471-1478
Number of pages8
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • Community periodontal index
  • Loss of attachment
  • Periodontal disease
  • Soft drinks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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