A population-based study on the association between the intake of soft drinks and periodontal disease in Taiwanese adults aged 35–44 years (KCIS no. 33)

Jean Ching Yuan Fann, Hongmin Lai, Sherry Yueh Hsia Chiu, Amy Ming Fang Yen, Sam Li Sheng Chen, Hsiu Hsi Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To elucidate the association between the intake of soft drinks and periodontal disease (PD) among Taiwanese middle-aged adults. Design: The cross-sectional design was employed to assess a dose–response relationship between the intake of soft drinks and PD after controlling for relevant confounding factors, with adjusted odds ratios obtained from a multivariate logistic regression model. Setting: Keelung Community-based Integrated Screening (KCIS) programme, Keelung, Taiwan. Subjects: Participants (n 10 213) aged 35–44 years who had undergone oral checks for PD between 2005 and 2009. Results: A dose–response relationship between the intake of soft drinks and elevated risk for PD defined by community periodontal index ≥3 (the current status of PD) was noted (P=0·02 by trend test). Compared with infrequent intake of soft drinks (≤2 times/week), the adjusted OR increased from 1·05 (95 % CI 0·92, 1·20) for the frequency of 3–4 times/week to 1·17 (95 % CI 1·03, 1·34) for the frequency of ≥5 times/week. A similar trend (P

Original languageEnglish
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Sep 9 2015

Keywords

  • Community periodontal index
  • Loss of attachment
  • Periodontal disease
  • Soft drinks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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