A novel ruthenium (II)-derived organometallic compound, TQ-6, potently inhibits platelet aggregation: Ex vivo and in vivo studies

Chih Hsuan Hsia, Marappan Velusamy, Joen Rong Sheu, Themmila Khamrang, Thanasekaran Jayakumar, Wan Jung Lu, Kuan Hung Lin, Chao Chien Chang

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Abstract

Arterial thrombosis plays a key role in cardiovascular diseases. Hence, developing more effective antithrombotic agents is necessary. We designed a ruthenium (II)-derived complex, [Ru(η6-cymene)2-(1H-benzoimidazol-2-yl)-quinoline Cl]BF4 (TQ-6), as a new antiplatelet drug. TQ-6 (0.3 μM) exhibited extremely strong inhibitory activity against platelet aggregation, Src, and Syk phosphorylation stimulated by agonists in human platelets. In collagen-activated platelets, TQ-6 also inhibited ATP-release, [Ca+2]i, P-selectin expression, FITC-PAC-1 binding, and hydroxyl radical formation, as well as the phosphorylation of phospholipase Cγ2, protein kinase C, mitogen-activated protein kinases, and Akt. Neither FITC-JAQ1 nor FITC-triflavin binding or integrin β3 phosphorylation stimulated by immobilized fibrinogen were diminished by TQ-6. Furthermore, TQ-6 had no effects in cyclic nucleotide formation. Moreover, TQ-6 substantially prolonged the closure time in whole blood, increased the occlusion time of thrombotic platelet plug formation and bleeding time in mice. In conclusion, TQ-6 has a novel role in inhibiting platelet activation through the inhibition of the agonist receptors-mediated inside-out signaling such as Src-Syk-PLCγ2 cascade and subsequent suppression of granule secretion, leading to disturb integrin αIIbβ3-mediated outside-in signaling, and ultimately inhibiting platelet aggregation. Therefore, TQ-6 has potential to develop as a therapeutic agent for preventing or treating thromboembolic disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9556
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

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