A novel Robotic Gait Training System (RGTS) may facilitate functional recovery after stroke: A feasibility and safety study

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted gait training has been introduced as a practical treatment adjunctive to traditional stroke rehabilitation to provide high-intensity repetitive training. The design of robots is usually based on either the end-effector and exoskeleton method. The novel Robot Gait Training System (RGTS), a hybrid mixed type of end-effector and exoskeleton, tries to combine advantages from both methods. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary study was conducted to report whether this novel system is feasible and safe when applied to non-ambulatory subacute patients with stroke. METHODS: Six patients with stroke participated in this study and received 15 daily RGTS sessions. The outcome measures included the lower extremity subscale of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA-LE), Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke (PASS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), and Barthel Index (BI). These measurements were performed at the pretest and posttest. RESULTS: The RGTS demonstrated significant after-before changes in the FMA-LE, PASS, BBS and BI (p<0.05), which indicated improvements substantially across the neurological status, balance, and activities of daily living after intervention. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that the novel RGTS designed was practical, safe, and suitable to use in substantial leg dysfunction with stroke.

LanguageEnglish
Pages453-461
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroRehabilitation
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Feasibility Studies
Robotics
Gait
Stroke
Safety
Activities of Daily Living
Lower Extremity
Leg
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Therapeutics
Stroke Rehabilitation

Keywords

  • balance
  • neuroplasticity
  • Robot gait training
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

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title = "A novel Robotic Gait Training System (RGTS) may facilitate functional recovery after stroke: A feasibility and safety study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted gait training has been introduced as a practical treatment adjunctive to traditional stroke rehabilitation to provide high-intensity repetitive training. The design of robots is usually based on either the end-effector and exoskeleton method. The novel Robot Gait Training System (RGTS), a hybrid mixed type of end-effector and exoskeleton, tries to combine advantages from both methods. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary study was conducted to report whether this novel system is feasible and safe when applied to non-ambulatory subacute patients with stroke. METHODS: Six patients with stroke participated in this study and received 15 daily RGTS sessions. The outcome measures included the lower extremity subscale of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA-LE), Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke (PASS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), and Barthel Index (BI). These measurements were performed at the pretest and posttest. RESULTS: The RGTS demonstrated significant after-before changes in the FMA-LE, PASS, BBS and BI (p<0.05), which indicated improvements substantially across the neurological status, balance, and activities of daily living after intervention. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that the novel RGTS designed was practical, safe, and suitable to use in substantial leg dysfunction with stroke.",
keywords = "balance, neuroplasticity, Robot gait training, stroke",
author = "Lin, {Li Fong} and Huang, {Shih Wei} and Chang, {Kwang Hwa} and Ouyang, {Jin Han} and Liou, {Tsan Hon} and Lin, {Yen Nung}",
year = "2017",
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N2 - BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted gait training has been introduced as a practical treatment adjunctive to traditional stroke rehabilitation to provide high-intensity repetitive training. The design of robots is usually based on either the end-effector and exoskeleton method. The novel Robot Gait Training System (RGTS), a hybrid mixed type of end-effector and exoskeleton, tries to combine advantages from both methods. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary study was conducted to report whether this novel system is feasible and safe when applied to non-ambulatory subacute patients with stroke. METHODS: Six patients with stroke participated in this study and received 15 daily RGTS sessions. The outcome measures included the lower extremity subscale of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA-LE), Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke (PASS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), and Barthel Index (BI). These measurements were performed at the pretest and posttest. RESULTS: The RGTS demonstrated significant after-before changes in the FMA-LE, PASS, BBS and BI (p<0.05), which indicated improvements substantially across the neurological status, balance, and activities of daily living after intervention. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that the novel RGTS designed was practical, safe, and suitable to use in substantial leg dysfunction with stroke.

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