We have previously synthesized a series of 7-aroylaminoindoline-1- sulfonamides as a novel class of antitubulin agents. Here we show that one of these new compounds, N-[1-(4-methoxybenzenesulfonyl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-indol-7-yl]- isonicotinamide (J30), is potently effective against various resistant and nonresistant cancer cell lines despite the status of multidrug resistance, multidrug-resistance associated protein, or other resistance factors in vitro. J30 inhibits assembly of purified tubulin by strongly binding to the colchicine-binding site. Western blot and immunofluorescence experiments demonstrate that J30 depolymerizes microtubules in the KB cell line, resulting in an accumulation of G2/M phase cells. Further studies indicate that J30 causes cell cycle arrest, as assessed by flow analyses and the appearance of MPM-2 (a specific mitotic marker), and is associated with up-regulation of cyclin B1, phosphorylation of Cdc25C, and dephosphorylation of Cdc2. J30 also causes Bcl-2 phosphorylation, cytochrome c translocation, and activation of the caspase-9 and caspase-3 cascades. These findings suggest that the J30-mediated apoptotic signaling pathway depends on caspases and mitochondria. Finally, we show that oral administration of J30 significantly inhibits tumor growth in NOD/scid mice bearing human oral, gastric, and drug-resistant xenografts. Together, our results suggest that J30 has potential as a chemotherapeutic agent for treatment of various malignancies.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2007|
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