A novel indication of platonin, a therapeutic immunomodulating medicine, on neuroprotection against ischemic stroke in mice

Joen Rong Sheu, Zhih Cherng Chen, Thanasekaran Jayakumar, Duen Suey Chou, Ting Lin Yen, Hsing Ni Lee, Szu Han Pan, Chih Hsuan Hsia, Chih Hao Yang, Cheng Ying Hsieh

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Abstract

Thrombosis and stroke are major causes of disability and death worldwide. However, the regular antithrombotic drugs may have unsatisfactory results and side effects. Platonin, a cyanine photosensitizing dye, has been used to treat trauma, ulcers and some acute inflammation. Here, we explored the neuroprotective effects of platonin against middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)-induced ischemic stroke in mice. Platonin(200 μg/kg) substantially reduced cerebral infarct volume, brain edema, neuronal cell death and neurological deficit scores, and improved the MCAO-reduced locomotor activity and rotarod performance. Platonin(5-10 μM) potently inhibited platelet aggregation and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation in collagen-activated platelets. The antiaggregation effect did not affect bleeding time but increased occlusion time in platonin(100 and 200 μg/kg)-treated mice. Platonin(2-10 μM) was potent in diminishing collagen- and Fenton reaction-induced a OH formation. Platonin(5-10 μM) also suppressed the expression of nitric oxide, inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2, interleukin-1β, and JNK phosphorylation in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages. MCAO-induced expression of 3-nitrotyrosine and Iba1 was apparently attenuated in platonin(200 μg/kg)-treated mice. In conclusion, platonin exhibited remarkable neuroprotective properties against MCAO-induced ischemia in a mouse model through its antiaggregation, antiinflammatory and antiradical properties. The observed therapeutic efficacy of platonin may consider being a novel medcine against ischemic stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Article number42277
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 6 2017

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