A novel efficient Au-Ag alloy catalyst system: Preparation, activity, and characterization

Ai Qin Wang, Jun Hong Liu, S. D. Lin, Tien Sung Lin, Chung Yuan Mou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

325 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a novel efficient catalyst, Au-Ag alloy nanoparticles supported on mesoporous aluminosilicate. The catalysts were applied to the low-temperature CO oxidation reaction. The sample was prepared in one pot, in which the formation of nanoparticles was coupled in aqueous solution with the construction of mesoporous structure. Both XRD and TEM characterizations show that the alloy particles are much larger than the monometallic gold particles and become even bigger with an increase in the amount of Ag. We shall demonstrate that such large particles with an average particle size of about 20-30 nm exhibit exceptionally high activity for CO oxidation at low temperatures. Moreover, the activity varies with the Au/Ag molar ratios and attains the best conversion when Au/Ag is 3:1. The presence of excess H2 deactivates the alloy activity completely at room temperature. UV-vis and EXAFS confirm the Au-Ag alloy formation. XPS results show that the alloy catalysts are in the metallic state, and they have a greater tendency to lose electrons than do the monometallic catalysts. EPR results show there is an O2- species on the catalyst surface, and the intensity of the O2- species becomes the strongest at Au/Ag = 3:1. The catalytic activity coincides with the magnitude of O2- EPR signal intensities. Based on the spectroscopic study and catalytic activity measurements, a reaction mechanism has been proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-197
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume233
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CO oxidation
  • Gold
  • Mesoporous aluminosilicate
  • Nanoparticle
  • Silver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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