A novel defensin encoded by a mungbean cDNA exhibits insecticidal activity against bruchid

Kuan Chung Chen, Ching Yu Lin, Cheng Chun Kuan, Hsien Yi Sung, Ching San Chen

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72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A cDNA encoding a small cysteine-rich protein designated VrCRP was isolated from a bruchid-resistant mungbean. VrCRP encodes a protein of 73 amino acids containing a 27 amino acid signal peptide and 8 cysteines. On the basis of the amino acid sequence similarity and conserved residues, it is suggested that VrCRP is a member of the plant defensin family. VrCRP protein was obtained by overexpression of VrCRP with a truncated signal peptide in an IMPACT system. Artificial seeds containing 0.2% (w/w) of the purified VrCRP-TSP were lethal to larvae of the bruchid Callosobruchus chinensis. VrCRP is apparently the first reported plant defensin exhibiting in vitro insecticidal activity against C. chinensis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7258-7263
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume50
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 4 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Bruchid resistance
  • Defensin
  • In vitro translation
  • Mungbean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

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