A neurophilosophical approach to perception

Steven S. Gouveia, Georg Northoff

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Perception is an important feature of our mental life. Most of the best experiences that we have come with perceptual experience: The taste of a good coffee or a nice pizza. Perceptual experience is also vital for our survival. Since ancient times, perception theory has been dealt with as part of investigations into the nature of reality or in terms of how we access the world. The question about the nature of perception is, however, different from the empirical question: That is, how do our sense organs in general actually work? In that sense, we are asking for the specific mechanisms of, for example, vision and smell. Even if, in a scenario of epistemic perfection where we know every detail, e.g., the neuropsychological theory of vision and smell, there will always be the question: Why does this process give a reason to justify, for example, the belief that I’m seeing this table right now? In this chapter, we will focus on the importance of one of the most relevant answers to the problem of perception: Namely, Direct Realism (DR). We will characterize the main idea of this approach and the several sub-positions (and which model-sensory, cognitive, or other-of perception they are attached to) underlying the main intuition of DR. We will then demonstrate why this approach is more plausible than the indirect realists’ theories of perception. However, DR suffers nevertheless from some problems, most notably the adoption of an implausible model of perception. Presupposing an empirically more plausible model of perception, we, therefore, sketch a neurophilosophical alternative, a spatiotemporal approach, as we describe it.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPerception, Cognition and Aesthetics
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Pages41-63
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9780429870286
ISBN (Print)9781138615939
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Publication series

NamePerception, Cognition and Aesthetics

Fingerprint

Direct Realism
Perceptual Experience
Smell
Theories of Perception
Time Perception
Coffee
Organs
Mental Life
Scenarios
Perfection
Realist
Intuition
Why-questions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this

Gouveia, S. S., & Northoff, G. (2019). A neurophilosophical approach to perception. In Perception, Cognition and Aesthetics (pp. 41-63). (Perception, Cognition and Aesthetics). Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429462658-4

A neurophilosophical approach to perception. / Gouveia, Steven S.; Northoff, Georg.

Perception, Cognition and Aesthetics. Taylor and Francis, 2019. p. 41-63 (Perception, Cognition and Aesthetics).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Gouveia, SS & Northoff, G 2019, A neurophilosophical approach to perception. in Perception, Cognition and Aesthetics. Perception, Cognition and Aesthetics, Taylor and Francis, pp. 41-63. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429462658-4
Gouveia SS, Northoff G. A neurophilosophical approach to perception. In Perception, Cognition and Aesthetics. Taylor and Francis. 2019. p. 41-63. (Perception, Cognition and Aesthetics). https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429462658-4
Gouveia, Steven S. ; Northoff, Georg. / A neurophilosophical approach to perception. Perception, Cognition and Aesthetics. Taylor and Francis, 2019. pp. 41-63 (Perception, Cognition and Aesthetics).
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