A nationwide population-based study on the incidence of parapharyngeal and retropharyngeal abscess-a 10-year study

Tzong Hann Yang, Sudha Xirasagar, Yen Fu Cheng, Chuan Song Wu, Yi Wei Kao, Herng Ching Lin

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This study aimed to investigate the annual incidence of parapharyngeal and retropharyngeal abscess (PRPA) based on 10-year population-based data. Patients with PRPA were identified from the Taiwan Health Insurance Research Database, a database of all medical claims of a randomly selected, population-representative sample of over two million enrollees of the National Health Insurance system that covers over 99% of Taiwan’s citizens. During 2007-2016, 5779 patients received a diagnosis of PRPA. We calculated the population-wide incidence rates of PRPA by sex and age group (20-44, 45-64, and >64) as well as in-hospital mortality. The annual incidence rate of PRPA was 2.64 per 100,000 people. The gender-specific incidence rates per 100,000 people were 3.34 for males and 1.94 for females with a male:female gender ratio of 1.72. A slight increase in incidence rates among both genders over the study period was noted. Age-specific rates were lowest in the 20-44 age group with a mean annual incidence of 2.00 per 100,000 people, and the highest rates were noted in the age groups of 45-64 and >64 years with mean annual incidences of 3.21 and 3.20, respectively. We found that PRPA is common in Taiwan, males and older individuals are more susceptible to it, and incidence has increased in recent years.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1049
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2021


  • Epidemiology
  • Incidence
  • Parapharyngeal abscess
  • Retropharyngeal abscess

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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