A mouse model of blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury

Vardit Rubovitch, Meital Ten-Bosch, Ofer Zohar, Catherine R. Harrison, Catherine Tempel-Brami, Elliot Stein, Barry J. Hoffer, Carey D. Balaban, Shaul Schreiber, Wen Ta Chiu, Chaim Gideon Pick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) are one of the main causes for casualties among civilians and military personnel in the present war against terror. Mild traumatic brain injury from IEDs induces various degrees of cognitive, emotional and behavioral disturbances but knowledge of the exact brain pathophysiology following exposure to blast is poorly understood. The study was aimed at establishing a murine model for a mild BI-TBI that isolates low-level blast pressure effects to the brain without systemic injuries. An open-field explosives detonation was used to replicate, as closely as possible, low-level blast trauma in the battlefield or at a terror-attack site. No alterations in basic neurological assessment or brain gross pathology were found acutely in the blast-exposed mice. At 7. days post blast, cognitive and behavioral tests revealed significantly decreased performance at both 4 and 7. m distance from the blast (5.5 and 2.5. PSI, respectively). At 30. days post-blast, clear differences were found in animals at both distances in the object recognition test, and in the 7. m group in the Y maze test. Using MRI, T1 weighted images showed an increased BBB permeability 1. month post-blast. DTI analysis showed an increase in fractional anisotropy (FA) and a decrease in radial diffusivity. These changes correlated with sites of up-regulation of manganese superoxide dismutase 2 in neurons and CXC-motif chemokine receptor 3 around blood vessels in fiber tracts. These results may represent brain axonal and myelin abnormalities. Cellular and biochemical studies are underway in order to further correlate the blast-induced cognitive and behavioral changes and to identify possible underlying mechanisms that may help develop treatment- and neuroprotective modalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-289
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume232
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Fingerprint

Brain Concussion
Brain
CXCR3 Receptors
Equipment and Supplies
Affective Symptoms
Anisotropy
Military Personnel
Wounds and Injuries
Myelin Sheath
Superoxide Dismutase
Blood Vessels
Permeability
Up-Regulation
Pathology
Neurons
Pressure

Keywords

  • Behavior
  • Low level blast-induced brain injury
  • MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

Cite this

Rubovitch, V., Ten-Bosch, M., Zohar, O., Harrison, C. R., Tempel-Brami, C., Stein, E., ... Pick, C. G. (2011). A mouse model of blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury. Experimental Neurology, 232(2), 280-289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.expneurol.2011.09.018

A mouse model of blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury. / Rubovitch, Vardit; Ten-Bosch, Meital; Zohar, Ofer; Harrison, Catherine R.; Tempel-Brami, Catherine; Stein, Elliot; Hoffer, Barry J.; Balaban, Carey D.; Schreiber, Shaul; Chiu, Wen Ta; Pick, Chaim Gideon.

In: Experimental Neurology, Vol. 232, No. 2, 12.2011, p. 280-289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rubovitch, V, Ten-Bosch, M, Zohar, O, Harrison, CR, Tempel-Brami, C, Stein, E, Hoffer, BJ, Balaban, CD, Schreiber, S, Chiu, WT & Pick, CG 2011, 'A mouse model of blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury', Experimental Neurology, vol. 232, no. 2, pp. 280-289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.expneurol.2011.09.018
Rubovitch V, Ten-Bosch M, Zohar O, Harrison CR, Tempel-Brami C, Stein E et al. A mouse model of blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury. Experimental Neurology. 2011 Dec;232(2):280-289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.expneurol.2011.09.018
Rubovitch, Vardit ; Ten-Bosch, Meital ; Zohar, Ofer ; Harrison, Catherine R. ; Tempel-Brami, Catherine ; Stein, Elliot ; Hoffer, Barry J. ; Balaban, Carey D. ; Schreiber, Shaul ; Chiu, Wen Ta ; Pick, Chaim Gideon. / A mouse model of blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury. In: Experimental Neurology. 2011 ; Vol. 232, No. 2. pp. 280-289.
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