A Micro-Aerial-Vehicle (MAV) with figure-of-eight flapping induced by flexible wing frames

Lung Jieh Yang, Cheng Kuei Hsu, Fu Yuan Hsiao, Chao Kung Feng, Yung Kang Shen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Relaxing from the conventional regarding of the "rigid" flapping mechanism, in this work we proposed using "flexible" carbon-fibers and parylene (poly-para-xylylene) films as the wing frames for palm-size micro aerial vehicles (MAVs) with the wingspan of 21.6 cm. We constructed the new flapping MAV with a small body mass of 5.9 g to set a successful 47-s flight record without the delicate multiple degree-of-freedom (DOF) motion previously formulated from the mechanism design. Via a high speed camera, we firstly reported the wing-tip trajectory of the MAV as a "figure-of-eight" which composes the original simple (four-bar linkage) flapping and the induced coherent streamwise vibration whereas the wingbeat frequency being about 10-25 Hz. The time-averaged lift, thrust coefficients and the structure aging of MAVs have been investigated to mention the influence of this figure-ofeight flapping. The experiment results preliminarily show that this biomimetic figure-ofeight is done by the very nature of the aero-elastic interaction as well as the symmetry-breaking of a simple flapping system. The bifurcation (duality) phenomenon of the MAV with figure-of-eight was shown accordingly. How the rigidity of the flexible wing frame influences the appearance of figure-of-eight flapping was addressed experimentally and empirically. Our flexible MAVs exhibit the peculiar characteristic away from the conventional domain of MAVs, and own the similar behavior to hummingbirds from the perspective of scaling laws in wingspan and wingbeat frequency (versus body mass).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Event47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Jan 5 2009Jan 8 2009

Other

Other47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period1/5/091/8/09

Fingerprint

flexible wings
Flexible wings
flapping
vehicles
Antennas
body mass
wing tips
high speed cameras
Scaling laws
High speed cameras
biomimetics
Biomimetics
bifurcation
rigidity
carbon fibers
vehicle
linkages
Rigidity
wings
thrust

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Yang, L. J., Hsu, C. K., Hsiao, F. Y., Feng, C. K., & Shen, Y. K. (2009). A Micro-Aerial-Vehicle (MAV) with figure-of-eight flapping induced by flexible wing frames. In 47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition [2009-0875]

A Micro-Aerial-Vehicle (MAV) with figure-of-eight flapping induced by flexible wing frames. / Yang, Lung Jieh; Hsu, Cheng Kuei; Hsiao, Fu Yuan; Feng, Chao Kung; Shen, Yung Kang.

47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition. 2009. 2009-0875.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Yang, LJ, Hsu, CK, Hsiao, FY, Feng, CK & Shen, YK 2009, A Micro-Aerial-Vehicle (MAV) with figure-of-eight flapping induced by flexible wing frames. in 47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition., 2009-0875, 47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, Orlando, FL, United States, 1/5/09.
Yang LJ, Hsu CK, Hsiao FY, Feng CK, Shen YK. A Micro-Aerial-Vehicle (MAV) with figure-of-eight flapping induced by flexible wing frames. In 47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition. 2009. 2009-0875
Yang, Lung Jieh ; Hsu, Cheng Kuei ; Hsiao, Fu Yuan ; Feng, Chao Kung ; Shen, Yung Kang. / A Micro-Aerial-Vehicle (MAV) with figure-of-eight flapping induced by flexible wing frames. 47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition. 2009.
@inproceedings{bf81b664a59a47468f419f674599ed7e,
title = "A Micro-Aerial-Vehicle (MAV) with figure-of-eight flapping induced by flexible wing frames",
abstract = "Relaxing from the conventional regarding of the {"}rigid{"} flapping mechanism, in this work we proposed using {"}flexible{"} carbon-fibers and parylene (poly-para-xylylene) films as the wing frames for palm-size micro aerial vehicles (MAVs) with the wingspan of 21.6 cm. We constructed the new flapping MAV with a small body mass of 5.9 g to set a successful 47-s flight record without the delicate multiple degree-of-freedom (DOF) motion previously formulated from the mechanism design. Via a high speed camera, we firstly reported the wing-tip trajectory of the MAV as a {"}figure-of-eight{"} which composes the original simple (four-bar linkage) flapping and the induced coherent streamwise vibration whereas the wingbeat frequency being about 10-25 Hz. The time-averaged lift, thrust coefficients and the structure aging of MAVs have been investigated to mention the influence of this figure-ofeight flapping. The experiment results preliminarily show that this biomimetic figure-ofeight is done by the very nature of the aero-elastic interaction as well as the symmetry-breaking of a simple flapping system. The bifurcation (duality) phenomenon of the MAV with figure-of-eight was shown accordingly. How the rigidity of the flexible wing frame influences the appearance of figure-of-eight flapping was addressed experimentally and empirically. Our flexible MAVs exhibit the peculiar characteristic away from the conventional domain of MAVs, and own the similar behavior to hummingbirds from the perspective of scaling laws in wingspan and wingbeat frequency (versus body mass).",
author = "Yang, {Lung Jieh} and Hsu, {Cheng Kuei} and Hsiao, {Fu Yuan} and Feng, {Chao Kung} and Shen, {Yung Kang}",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781563479694",
booktitle = "47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - A Micro-Aerial-Vehicle (MAV) with figure-of-eight flapping induced by flexible wing frames

AU - Yang, Lung Jieh

AU - Hsu, Cheng Kuei

AU - Hsiao, Fu Yuan

AU - Feng, Chao Kung

AU - Shen, Yung Kang

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Relaxing from the conventional regarding of the "rigid" flapping mechanism, in this work we proposed using "flexible" carbon-fibers and parylene (poly-para-xylylene) films as the wing frames for palm-size micro aerial vehicles (MAVs) with the wingspan of 21.6 cm. We constructed the new flapping MAV with a small body mass of 5.9 g to set a successful 47-s flight record without the delicate multiple degree-of-freedom (DOF) motion previously formulated from the mechanism design. Via a high speed camera, we firstly reported the wing-tip trajectory of the MAV as a "figure-of-eight" which composes the original simple (four-bar linkage) flapping and the induced coherent streamwise vibration whereas the wingbeat frequency being about 10-25 Hz. The time-averaged lift, thrust coefficients and the structure aging of MAVs have been investigated to mention the influence of this figure-ofeight flapping. The experiment results preliminarily show that this biomimetic figure-ofeight is done by the very nature of the aero-elastic interaction as well as the symmetry-breaking of a simple flapping system. The bifurcation (duality) phenomenon of the MAV with figure-of-eight was shown accordingly. How the rigidity of the flexible wing frame influences the appearance of figure-of-eight flapping was addressed experimentally and empirically. Our flexible MAVs exhibit the peculiar characteristic away from the conventional domain of MAVs, and own the similar behavior to hummingbirds from the perspective of scaling laws in wingspan and wingbeat frequency (versus body mass).

AB - Relaxing from the conventional regarding of the "rigid" flapping mechanism, in this work we proposed using "flexible" carbon-fibers and parylene (poly-para-xylylene) films as the wing frames for palm-size micro aerial vehicles (MAVs) with the wingspan of 21.6 cm. We constructed the new flapping MAV with a small body mass of 5.9 g to set a successful 47-s flight record without the delicate multiple degree-of-freedom (DOF) motion previously formulated from the mechanism design. Via a high speed camera, we firstly reported the wing-tip trajectory of the MAV as a "figure-of-eight" which composes the original simple (four-bar linkage) flapping and the induced coherent streamwise vibration whereas the wingbeat frequency being about 10-25 Hz. The time-averaged lift, thrust coefficients and the structure aging of MAVs have been investigated to mention the influence of this figure-ofeight flapping. The experiment results preliminarily show that this biomimetic figure-ofeight is done by the very nature of the aero-elastic interaction as well as the symmetry-breaking of a simple flapping system. The bifurcation (duality) phenomenon of the MAV with figure-of-eight was shown accordingly. How the rigidity of the flexible wing frame influences the appearance of figure-of-eight flapping was addressed experimentally and empirically. Our flexible MAVs exhibit the peculiar characteristic away from the conventional domain of MAVs, and own the similar behavior to hummingbirds from the perspective of scaling laws in wingspan and wingbeat frequency (versus body mass).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78549267888&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78549267888&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9781563479694

BT - 47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition

ER -