A low-temperature co-precipitation approach to synthesize fluoride phosphors K2MF6:Mn4+ (M = Ge, Si) for white LED applications

Ling Ling Wei, Chun Che Lin, Mu Huai Fang, Mikhail G. Brik, Shu Fen Hu, Huan Jiao, Ru Shi Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A new class of Mn4+ activated alkali-metal hexafluoride red phosphors are emerging for white light-emitting diodes because of their sharp red line 2Eg4A2g emissions (600-650 nm) excited by irradiation of 4A2g4T1g (320-380 nm) and 4A2g4T2g (380-500 nm) transitions. However, these phosphors have the drawbacks of difficult control of the Mn valence state during synthesis and lack of underlying mechanisms for structure-photoluminescence relationships. In this study, we explore a novel, highly productive route to the quantifiable synthesis of K2GeF6:Mn4+ by the chemical co-precipitation method at room temperature. The prepared yellowish K2GeF6:Mn4+ powders exhibit a hexagonal shape and high crystallinity without significant defects. The photoluminescence thermal stability and white light-emitting diodes applicability of K2GeF6:Mn4+ suggest that it is a promising commercial red phosphor because of its efficient emission intensity, high color purity and excellent thermal stability. Structural analyses and theoretical calculations reveal that the red shift of the K2GeF6:Mn4+ red phosphor compared with K2SiF6:Mn4+ is due to the longer Ge-F distance and lower effective Mulliken charge of F ions in coordination environments of the MnF62- octahedron. The split feature in K2GeF6:Mn4+ is due to the hexagonal distortion in the host. The structure-photoluminescence mechanism is predicted to be general in hexafluoride red phosphors to tune the optical properties through cationic substitutions and crystal structure adjustments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1655-1660
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Volume3
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 28 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Coprecipitation
Fluorides
Phosphors
Light emitting diodes
Photoluminescence
Thermodynamic stability
Temperature
Alkali Metals
Alkali metals
Powders
Substitution reactions
Optical properties
Crystal structure
Irradiation
Ions
Color
Defects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

A low-temperature co-precipitation approach to synthesize fluoride phosphors K2MF6:Mn4+ (M = Ge, Si) for white LED applications. / Wei, Ling Ling; Lin, Chun Che; Fang, Mu Huai; Brik, Mikhail G.; Hu, Shu Fen; Jiao, Huan; Liu, Ru Shi.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 3, No. 8, 28.02.2015, p. 1655-1660.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wei, Ling Ling ; Lin, Chun Che ; Fang, Mu Huai ; Brik, Mikhail G. ; Hu, Shu Fen ; Jiao, Huan ; Liu, Ru Shi. / A low-temperature co-precipitation approach to synthesize fluoride phosphors K2MF6:Mn4+ (M = Ge, Si) for white LED applications. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry C. 2015 ; Vol. 3, No. 8. pp. 1655-1660.
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abstract = "A new class of Mn4+ activated alkali-metal hexafluoride red phosphors are emerging for white light-emitting diodes because of their sharp red line 2Eg → 4A2g emissions (600-650 nm) excited by irradiation of 4A2g → 4T1g (320-380 nm) and 4A2g → 4T2g (380-500 nm) transitions. However, these phosphors have the drawbacks of difficult control of the Mn valence state during synthesis and lack of underlying mechanisms for structure-photoluminescence relationships. In this study, we explore a novel, highly productive route to the quantifiable synthesis of K2GeF6:Mn4+ by the chemical co-precipitation method at room temperature. The prepared yellowish K2GeF6:Mn4+ powders exhibit a hexagonal shape and high crystallinity without significant defects. The photoluminescence thermal stability and white light-emitting diodes applicability of K2GeF6:Mn4+ suggest that it is a promising commercial red phosphor because of its efficient emission intensity, high color purity and excellent thermal stability. Structural analyses and theoretical calculations reveal that the red shift of the K2GeF6:Mn4+ red phosphor compared with K2SiF6:Mn4+ is due to the longer Ge-F distance and lower effective Mulliken charge of F ions in coordination environments of the MnF62- octahedron. The split feature in K2GeF6:Mn4+ is due to the hexagonal distortion in the host. The structure-photoluminescence mechanism is predicted to be general in hexafluoride red phosphors to tune the optical properties through cationic substitutions and crystal structure adjustments.",
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AU - Lin, Chun Che

AU - Fang, Mu Huai

AU - Brik, Mikhail G.

AU - Hu, Shu Fen

AU - Jiao, Huan

AU - Liu, Ru Shi

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N2 - A new class of Mn4+ activated alkali-metal hexafluoride red phosphors are emerging for white light-emitting diodes because of their sharp red line 2Eg → 4A2g emissions (600-650 nm) excited by irradiation of 4A2g → 4T1g (320-380 nm) and 4A2g → 4T2g (380-500 nm) transitions. However, these phosphors have the drawbacks of difficult control of the Mn valence state during synthesis and lack of underlying mechanisms for structure-photoluminescence relationships. In this study, we explore a novel, highly productive route to the quantifiable synthesis of K2GeF6:Mn4+ by the chemical co-precipitation method at room temperature. The prepared yellowish K2GeF6:Mn4+ powders exhibit a hexagonal shape and high crystallinity without significant defects. The photoluminescence thermal stability and white light-emitting diodes applicability of K2GeF6:Mn4+ suggest that it is a promising commercial red phosphor because of its efficient emission intensity, high color purity and excellent thermal stability. Structural analyses and theoretical calculations reveal that the red shift of the K2GeF6:Mn4+ red phosphor compared with K2SiF6:Mn4+ is due to the longer Ge-F distance and lower effective Mulliken charge of F ions in coordination environments of the MnF62- octahedron. The split feature in K2GeF6:Mn4+ is due to the hexagonal distortion in the host. The structure-photoluminescence mechanism is predicted to be general in hexafluoride red phosphors to tune the optical properties through cationic substitutions and crystal structure adjustments.

AB - A new class of Mn4+ activated alkali-metal hexafluoride red phosphors are emerging for white light-emitting diodes because of their sharp red line 2Eg → 4A2g emissions (600-650 nm) excited by irradiation of 4A2g → 4T1g (320-380 nm) and 4A2g → 4T2g (380-500 nm) transitions. However, these phosphors have the drawbacks of difficult control of the Mn valence state during synthesis and lack of underlying mechanisms for structure-photoluminescence relationships. In this study, we explore a novel, highly productive route to the quantifiable synthesis of K2GeF6:Mn4+ by the chemical co-precipitation method at room temperature. The prepared yellowish K2GeF6:Mn4+ powders exhibit a hexagonal shape and high crystallinity without significant defects. The photoluminescence thermal stability and white light-emitting diodes applicability of K2GeF6:Mn4+ suggest that it is a promising commercial red phosphor because of its efficient emission intensity, high color purity and excellent thermal stability. Structural analyses and theoretical calculations reveal that the red shift of the K2GeF6:Mn4+ red phosphor compared with K2SiF6:Mn4+ is due to the longer Ge-F distance and lower effective Mulliken charge of F ions in coordination environments of the MnF62- octahedron. The split feature in K2GeF6:Mn4+ is due to the hexagonal distortion in the host. The structure-photoluminescence mechanism is predicted to be general in hexafluoride red phosphors to tune the optical properties through cationic substitutions and crystal structure adjustments.

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