A composite of exhaled LTB4, LXA4, FeNO, and FEV1 as an “asthma classification ratio” characterizes childhood asthma

L. C. Chen, H. M. Tseng, M. L. Kuo, C. Y. Chiu, S. L. Liao, K. W. Su, M. H. Tsai, M. C. Hua, S. H. Lai, T. C. Yao, K. W. Yeh, A. H. Wu, J. L. Huang, S. K. Huang

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Aberrant generation of eicosanoids is associated with asthma, but the evidence remains incomplete and its potential utility as biomarkers is unclear. Major eicosanoids in exhaled breath condensates (EBCs) were assessed as candidate markers for childhood asthma. Methods: Ten exhaled eicosanoid species was evaluated using ELISA in the discovery phase, followed by prediction model-building and validation phases. Results: Exhaled LTB4, LTE4, PGE2, and LXA4 showed significant difference between asthmatics (N = 60) and controls (N = 20). For validation, an expanded study population consisting of 626 subjects with asthma and 161 healthy controls was partitioned into a training subset to establish a prediction model and a test sample subset for validation. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses of the training subset revealed the level of exhaled LTB4 to be the most discriminative among all parameters, including FeNO, and a composite of exhaled LTB4, LXA4, together with FeNO and FEV1, distinguishing asthma with high sensitivity and specificity. Further, the Youden index (J) indicated the cut point value of 0.598 for this composite of markers as having the strongest discriminatory ability (sensitivity = 85.2% and specificity = 83.6%). The predictive algorithm as “asthma classification ratio” was further validated in an independent test sample with sensitivity and specificity being 84.4% and 84.8%, respectively. Conclusions: In a pediatric study population in Taiwan, the levels of exhaled LTB4, LTE4, LXA4, and PGE2 in asthmatic children were significantly different from those of healthy controls, and the combination of exhaled LTB4 and LXA4, together with FeNO and FEV1, best characterized childhood asthma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-634
Number of pages8
JournalAllergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume73
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • childhood asthma
  • eicosanoid
  • exhaled breath condensates (EBCs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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    Chen, L. C., Tseng, H. M., Kuo, M. L., Chiu, C. Y., Liao, S. L., Su, K. W., Tsai, M. H., Hua, M. C., Lai, S. H., Yao, T. C., Yeh, K. W., Wu, A. H., Huang, J. L., & Huang, S. K. (2018). A composite of exhaled LTB4, LXA4, FeNO, and FEV1 as an “asthma classification ratio” characterizes childhood asthma. Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 73(3), 627-634. https://doi.org/10.1111/all.13318