A comparison study of SiO2/nano metal oxide composite sphere for antibacterial application

Yong Xuan Hou, Hairus Abdullah, Dong Hau Kuo, Sy Jye Leu, Noto Susanto Gultom, Chi Hung Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

High surface area mesoporous SiO2 sphere particles which were separately coated with Ag2O, Cu2O, CeO2, and NiO nanoparticles have been synthesized, characterized, and utilized for antibacterial application. The bactericidal effects of the composites were tested toward Staphylococcus aureus in dark or in LED light-illuminated conditions. The results showed the growth of Staphylococcus aureus was greatly inhibited by photocatalytic activities of SiO2/Ag2O and SiO2/Cu2O composites, as compared to those of SiO2/CeO2 and SiO2/NiO composites in 3 h. The low-cost SiO2/Cu2O composite was found as a great antibacterial material to replace the costly component of Ag2O in SiO2/Ag2O composite. The works on the Ag2O, Cu2O, CeO2, and NiO nanoparticles for antibacterial application had been done, however the technique to disperse metal oxide nanoparticles utilizing porous SiO2 carriers for antibacteria has not been evaluated. The comparison among different SiO2-supported metal oxides is necessary to investigate their feasibilities in real applications. This simple work endeavors to select a great antibacterial material with the characteristics of low cost, abundance, and non toxicity to support wide-scale antibacterial application in future.

LanguageEnglish
Pages166-176
Number of pages11
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Volume133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2018

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Oxides
Metals
Composite materials
Nanoparticles
Light emitting diodes
Toxicity
Costs

Keywords

  • Antibacterial powder
  • Composite
  • Metal oxides
  • Nanoparticles
  • Porous silica sphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

A comparison study of SiO2/nano metal oxide composite sphere for antibacterial application. / Hou, Yong Xuan; Abdullah, Hairus; Kuo, Dong Hau; Leu, Sy Jye; Gultom, Noto Susanto; Su, Chi Hung.

In: Composites Part B: Engineering, Vol. 133, 15.01.2018, p. 166-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hou, Yong Xuan ; Abdullah, Hairus ; Kuo, Dong Hau ; Leu, Sy Jye ; Gultom, Noto Susanto ; Su, Chi Hung. / A comparison study of SiO2/nano metal oxide composite sphere for antibacterial application. In: Composites Part B: Engineering. 2018 ; Vol. 133. pp. 166-176.
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