高中職吸菸學生戒菸行為意圖及其影響因素之研究

黃秀媚, 李景美, 陳政友, 黃松元, 苗迺芳, 李淑卿, 鄭其嘉, 羅惠丹, 龍芝寧, 廖信榮, 康杏如

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Abstract

Purposes: The purposes of the study were to understand the behavioral intention of smoking cessation, and also explored the relationship between the behavioral intention and influential factors including personal, family, and school factors. Eight senior and vocational high schools in Taipei City and New Taipei City (Taipei County) participating the study.Methods: The data was collected by using cross-sectional investigative study. A total of 130 tenth and eleventh grade smoking students completed self-administrated questionnaires. The respondent rate was 100%.Results: The students who had shorter smoking years, smoked less than 100 cigarettes, had low level nicotine dependence, had positive attitude, and had higher self-efficacy of smoking cessation (individual factors), who were in single-parent family (family factors), and who were in lower grade, and had half or less than half of good friends who were smokers (school factors), were more likely to have short-term (one month) smoking cessation intention. The students who had shorter smoking years, had low level nicotine dependence, had positive attitude to smoking cessation (individual factors), who disagreed with smoking behavior of adolescents by parents and relatives who lived together (family factors), who were lower grade, had half or less than half good friends who were smokers, and disagreed with smoking behaviors of adolescents by good friends (school factors), were more likely to have long-term (six months) smoking cessation intention.Suggestions: The study suggests that the high schools should help smoking adolescents to develop refusal skills of smoking, and to strengthen their motivation of smoking cessation.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)27-58
Number of pages32
JournalChinese Journal of School Health
Issue number59
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Cite this

黃秀媚, 李景美, 陳政友, 黃松元, 苗迺芳, 李淑卿, ... 康杏如 (2011). 高中職吸菸學生戒菸行為意圖及其影響因素之研究. Chinese Journal of School Health, (59), 27-58.

高中職吸菸學生戒菸行為意圖及其影響因素之研究. / 黃秀媚; 李景美; 陳政友; 黃松元; 苗迺芳; 李淑卿; 鄭其嘉; 羅惠丹; 龍芝寧; 廖信榮; 康杏如.

In: Chinese Journal of School Health, No. 59, 2011, p. 27-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

黃秀媚, 李景美, 陳政友, 黃松元, 苗迺芳, 李淑卿, 鄭其嘉, 羅惠丹, 龍芝寧, 廖信榮 & 康杏如 2011, '高中職吸菸學生戒菸行為意圖及其影響因素之研究', Chinese Journal of School Health, no. 59, pp. 27-58.
黃秀媚, 李景美, 陳政友, 黃松元, 苗迺芳, 李淑卿 et al. 高中職吸菸學生戒菸行為意圖及其影響因素之研究. Chinese Journal of School Health. 2011;(59):27-58.
黃秀媚 ; 李景美 ; 陳政友 ; 黃松元 ; 苗迺芳 ; 李淑卿 ; 鄭其嘉 ; 羅惠丹 ; 龍芝寧 ; 廖信榮 ; 康杏如. / 高中職吸菸學生戒菸行為意圖及其影響因素之研究. In: Chinese Journal of School Health. 2011 ; No. 59. pp. 27-58.
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title = "高中職吸菸學生戒菸行為意圖及其影響因素之研究",
abstract = "目的:本研究探討高中職吸菸學生的戒菸行為意圖以及個人、家庭與學校因素對其的影響。方法:採橫斷性調查,於臺北市與新北市中,以有意願配合研究的學校其一、二年級吸菸學生130人為樣本,高中職各四校(共八校),以結構式問卷施測,採自填問卷方式收集資料,問卷回收率為100{\%}。結果:影響學生較易有短期(一個月)戒菸行為意圖之變項包括:1.個人層面因素中,養成規律吸菸習慣的時間較短者、總吸菸量未超過100支者、尼古丁依賴程度較低者、戒菸態度及戒菸自我效能較高者;2.家庭層面因素中,家庭完整性為單親者;3.學校層面因素中,較低年級者與要好友一半或一半以下有吸菸行為者。影響學生較易有長期(六個月)戒菸行為意圖之變項包括:1.個人層面因素中,養成規律吸菸習慣的時間較短者、尼古丁依賴程度較低者、戒菸態度較正向者;2.家庭層面因素中,父親、母親與其他同住親戚對其吸菸的行為不同意者;3.學校層面因素為年級與好友一半或一半以下有吸菸行為與好友對其吸菸的態度不同意者。建議:實務工作加強吸菸青少年拒菸的技巧,強化戒菸的動機。",
keywords = "戒菸, 行為意圖, 高中職學生, smoking cessation, behavioral intention, senior and vocational high school students",
author = "黃秀媚 and 李景美 and 陳政友 and 黃松元 and 苗迺芳 and 李淑卿 and 鄭其嘉 and 羅惠丹 and 龍芝寧 and 廖信榮 and 康杏如",
year = "2011",
language = "繁體中文",
pages = "27--58",
journal = "學校衛生",
issn = "1561-8137",
publisher = "中華民國學校衛生學會",
number = "59",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - 高中職吸菸學生戒菸行為意圖及其影響因素之研究

AU - 黃秀媚, null

AU - 李景美, null

AU - 陳政友, null

AU - 黃松元, null

AU - 苗迺芳, null

AU - 李淑卿, null

AU - 鄭其嘉, null

AU - 羅惠丹, null

AU - 龍芝寧, null

AU - 廖信榮, null

AU - 康杏如, null

PY - 2011

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N2 - 目的:本研究探討高中職吸菸學生的戒菸行為意圖以及個人、家庭與學校因素對其的影響。方法:採橫斷性調查,於臺北市與新北市中,以有意願配合研究的學校其一、二年級吸菸學生130人為樣本,高中職各四校(共八校),以結構式問卷施測,採自填問卷方式收集資料,問卷回收率為100%。結果:影響學生較易有短期(一個月)戒菸行為意圖之變項包括:1.個人層面因素中,養成規律吸菸習慣的時間較短者、總吸菸量未超過100支者、尼古丁依賴程度較低者、戒菸態度及戒菸自我效能較高者;2.家庭層面因素中,家庭完整性為單親者;3.學校層面因素中,較低年級者與要好友一半或一半以下有吸菸行為者。影響學生較易有長期(六個月)戒菸行為意圖之變項包括:1.個人層面因素中,養成規律吸菸習慣的時間較短者、尼古丁依賴程度較低者、戒菸態度較正向者;2.家庭層面因素中,父親、母親與其他同住親戚對其吸菸的行為不同意者;3.學校層面因素為年級與好友一半或一半以下有吸菸行為與好友對其吸菸的態度不同意者。建議:實務工作加強吸菸青少年拒菸的技巧,強化戒菸的動機。

AB - 目的:本研究探討高中職吸菸學生的戒菸行為意圖以及個人、家庭與學校因素對其的影響。方法:採橫斷性調查,於臺北市與新北市中,以有意願配合研究的學校其一、二年級吸菸學生130人為樣本,高中職各四校(共八校),以結構式問卷施測,採自填問卷方式收集資料,問卷回收率為100%。結果:影響學生較易有短期(一個月)戒菸行為意圖之變項包括:1.個人層面因素中,養成規律吸菸習慣的時間較短者、總吸菸量未超過100支者、尼古丁依賴程度較低者、戒菸態度及戒菸自我效能較高者;2.家庭層面因素中,家庭完整性為單親者;3.學校層面因素中,較低年級者與要好友一半或一半以下有吸菸行為者。影響學生較易有長期(六個月)戒菸行為意圖之變項包括:1.個人層面因素中,養成規律吸菸習慣的時間較短者、尼古丁依賴程度較低者、戒菸態度較正向者;2.家庭層面因素中,父親、母親與其他同住親戚對其吸菸的行為不同意者;3.學校層面因素為年級與好友一半或一半以下有吸菸行為與好友對其吸菸的態度不同意者。建議:實務工作加強吸菸青少年拒菸的技巧,強化戒菸的動機。

KW - 戒菸

KW - 行為意圖

KW - 高中職學生

KW - smoking cessation

KW - behavioral intention

KW - senior and vocational high school students

M3 - 文章

SP - 27

EP - 58

JO - 學校衛生

JF - 學校衛生

SN - 1561-8137

IS - 59

ER -