臺灣社區老人的健康行爲及其相關因素研究

王冠今, 苗迺芳, 陳鳳音, 張玉梅, 陳靜敏

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to discuss the prevalence and relevant factors of health behaviors among community elderly in Taiwan, and to trace the effects on the health behaviors due to changes of relevant factors. The subjects were 2,659 elderly people, aged over 65 and living in communities throughout Taiwan, sourced from the database of stratified samples. The correlations among the four health behaviors-regular exercise, smoking, drinking, and chewing beetle nuts- and their relevant factors were discussed based on one-way ANOVA and multiple regression analysis. Furthermore, based on the behavior data of the elderly in 1999, this research used the general estimation equations (GEE) to examine the influences resulted from the changes of relevant factors over the course of four years.
The results showed that, 1. about 65% of the elderly had exercise habit, and 17.9%, 9.6%, and 3.0% smoke, inappropriately drink, and chew beetle nut, respectively. 2. The results of multiple regression analysis indicated that education, residential location, self-evaluated health, physical function, cognitive function, non-cohabitant networks, and social interactive networks have significant influence on the exercise habits. Gender, age, self-evaluated health, physical functions, and the numbers of chronic diseases have significant influence on the elderly's habits of smoking and drinking. Age, ethnicity, education, residential location, and non-cohabitant networks have significant influence on the elderly's habits of chewing beetle. 3. The analysis of GEE indicated that the frequency of regular exercises would be increased if the elderly relocate to urban areas, perceive better self-evaluated health, increase social networks, live with spouse and children, or have more chronic diseases. The elderly would increase the frequency of smoking if they move to rural area, have a spouse, perceive better physical functions, have fewer chronic diseases, or live alone. The elderly would increase the frequency of drinking if they are younger, move to a rural area, perceive better physical and cognitive functions, or have fewer chronic diseases. The elderly chew beetle nuts more often if move to the rural area, or perceive better physical function.
Based on the above findings, it is concluded that the health of the elderly is greatly influenced by their health behaviors and social support, therefore, strengthening the social and family supports for elderly and augmenting health education can enhance their health in communities.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)73-94
Number of pages22
Journal健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • 老人
  • 社會支持
  • 健康行為
  • 健康狀況
  • elderly
  • health behavior
  • health status
  • social support

Cite this

王冠今, 苗迺芳, 陳鳳音, 張玉梅, & 陳靜敏 (2009). 臺灣社區老人的健康行爲及其相關因素研究. 健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌, (29), 73-94.