The main purpose of the study was to explore the risk and protective factors of substance use among the vocational high school students in Taipei area. The sample of the investigation were selected by the proportionate probability sampling method. Sixteen vocational and senior high schools were included, with the total number of valid questionnaires being 2,152. The data were collected via a group self-administration in June, 2000. The main findings were as follows: The rate of vocational high school students who had smoked cigarettes, drunk alcohol, chewed betelnuts, and use illegal drugs within last year were 23.0%, 29.1%, 7.5%, and 0.5%, respectively. The median age at which the students began to smoke cigarettes, drink alcohol, chew betelnuts, and use illegal drugs were 14, 14, 15, and 15 years old, respectively. About 90% of the students who used drugs smoked cigarettes and chewed betelnuts. Refusal self-efficacy was the important protective factors of substance use among vocational high school students. Peer’s influence was the important risk factor of substance use among the vocational high school students. It was suggested that drug education should enhance students’ self-efficacy and establish their disapproval attitudes toward substance use. In addition, the government should improve the law enforcement to inhibit the sale of cigarettes, alcohol, betelnuts and drugs to adolescents. Future research needs to include the students living at different areas and in different age groups to do longitudinal study.
|Original language||Chinese (Traditional)|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2002|