This study analyses the Rural Regeneration Programme (RRP) database and examines the processes that rural communities undergo to participate in this Programme, as well as the spatial variation that such governmental resources are allocated in Taiwan. In addition to identifying community characteristics by cross-sectionally linking the Programme database to official statistical datasets, we construct a longitudinal measure to find possible impacts from previous involvements in related rural development programs as the long-term focus. The results reveal that about 20% of the officially defined rural villages have become RRP communities and that nearly 30% were receiving training courses. In terms of the spatial distribution, RRP communities are primarily located in the northern and central mountain areas, the southern mountains and plains, and the Hualien and Taitung regions. Such resource allocation clusters significantly in specific and their adjacent areas. Compared to non- RRP villages, moreover, RRP communities tend to have a smaller, shrinking, and aging population. They tend to have more male residents but fewer college graduates. In terms of farming characteristics, RRP communities have more households engaging in the agricultural sector; however, they are less likely to be typical small-scale farming villages because farm operators in RRP communities generally work on larger farms and have higher income, plus more of them are tenant operators and more of them partake in agri-tourism and recreational services. Our results also indicate that the number of subsidized RRP projects are linked to the communities' demographic and agristructural characteristics, and more importantly, to each community's reception of past rural development programs.
|Original language||Chinese (Traditional)|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|