慢性住院精神分裂病患口腔衛生改善專案

謝玉萍, 馮瑞珠, 張秀如

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The subject of this study was a program to improve the oral hygiene of patients with chronic Schizophrenia between 1(superscript st) October 2003 and 30(superscript th) March, 2004. The program used two forms for the observation of oral hygiene among the 44 chronic Schizophrenia patients. These were the ”oral hygiene observation form,” and the ”oral hygiene estimation form”. Data gained from the two forms revealed that the subjects lacked cleaning habits and the knowledge necessary to prompt them to maintain oral hygiene, all of which was due to lack of supervision by their health care providers. The program therefore suggested that oral hygiene be taught through group activities with a reinforcement tool of tokens to reward patients for improving their knowledge of the importance of oral hygiene. The results of the group activities showed that: the percentage of patients able to brush their teeth on their own increased from 25% to 85%; stock levels of the necessary cleaning tools increased from 29.6% to 100%. The number of points indicating tooth plaque reduction went from 1.8 to 2.7; halitosis reduction went from 2.0 to 2.8; tongue plaque reduction increased from 2.1 to 2.8 points. All results of this program showed significant improvements in the oral hygiene of patients with chronic Schizophrenia. The program is therefore recommended to all wards with chronic Schizophrenia patients.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)55-60
Number of pages6
Journal精神衛生護理雜誌
Volume1
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Cite this

慢性住院精神分裂病患口腔衛生改善專案. / 謝玉萍; 馮瑞珠; 張秀如.

In: 精神衛生護理雜誌, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2006, p. 55-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

謝玉萍 ; 馮瑞珠 ; 張秀如. / 慢性住院精神分裂病患口腔衛生改善專案. In: 精神衛生護理雜誌. 2006 ; Vol. 1, No. 2. pp. 55-60.
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abstract = "本專案旨在提昇慢性精神科住院病患之口腔衛生。執行期間自2003/10/1-2004/3/30止,本專案以「口腔衛生觀察表」、「口腔衛生評估查檢表」觀察44位慢性精神科住院病患執行口腔衛生情形,結果發現病患平日未養成口腔清潔習慣、對口腔衛生知識缺乏、不知如何執行正確刷牙方法等,進一步了解發現護理人員並未督促和指導病患相關口腔衛生的知識和清潔技巧。故運用口腔衛教團體活動,以討論及示教回示教等方法進行教導,並應用代幣制度獎勵辦法增進病患改變的動機,結果顯示病患主動刷牙由25{\%}提昇至85{\%};刷牙盥洗用具齊全由29.6{\%}提昇至100{\%};病患口腔衛生查核牙齒上的殘渣由平均1.8分提昇至2.7分、口中異味由平均2分提昇至2.8分、舌苔由平均2.1分提昇至2.8分。本專案實施後病患口腔衛生改善成效顯著,故此介入方案可以全面推廣到慢性精神科病房,對這類病患的口腔衛生會有很大助益。",
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AU - 馮瑞珠, null

AU - 張秀如, null

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N2 - 本專案旨在提昇慢性精神科住院病患之口腔衛生。執行期間自2003/10/1-2004/3/30止,本專案以「口腔衛生觀察表」、「口腔衛生評估查檢表」觀察44位慢性精神科住院病患執行口腔衛生情形,結果發現病患平日未養成口腔清潔習慣、對口腔衛生知識缺乏、不知如何執行正確刷牙方法等,進一步了解發現護理人員並未督促和指導病患相關口腔衛生的知識和清潔技巧。故運用口腔衛教團體活動,以討論及示教回示教等方法進行教導,並應用代幣制度獎勵辦法增進病患改變的動機,結果顯示病患主動刷牙由25%提昇至85%;刷牙盥洗用具齊全由29.6%提昇至100%;病患口腔衛生查核牙齒上的殘渣由平均1.8分提昇至2.7分、口中異味由平均2分提昇至2.8分、舌苔由平均2.1分提昇至2.8分。本專案實施後病患口腔衛生改善成效顯著,故此介入方案可以全面推廣到慢性精神科病房,對這類病患的口腔衛生會有很大助益。

AB - 本專案旨在提昇慢性精神科住院病患之口腔衛生。執行期間自2003/10/1-2004/3/30止,本專案以「口腔衛生觀察表」、「口腔衛生評估查檢表」觀察44位慢性精神科住院病患執行口腔衛生情形,結果發現病患平日未養成口腔清潔習慣、對口腔衛生知識缺乏、不知如何執行正確刷牙方法等,進一步了解發現護理人員並未督促和指導病患相關口腔衛生的知識和清潔技巧。故運用口腔衛教團體活動,以討論及示教回示教等方法進行教導,並應用代幣制度獎勵辦法增進病患改變的動機,結果顯示病患主動刷牙由25%提昇至85%;刷牙盥洗用具齊全由29.6%提昇至100%;病患口腔衛生查核牙齒上的殘渣由平均1.8分提昇至2.7分、口中異味由平均2分提昇至2.8分、舌苔由平均2.1分提昇至2.8分。本專案實施後病患口腔衛生改善成效顯著,故此介入方案可以全面推廣到慢性精神科病房,對這類病患的口腔衛生會有很大助益。

KW - 口腔衛生

KW - 慢性住院精神分裂病患

KW - 口腔衛教團體

KW - Oral hygiene

KW - Chronic inpatients of schizophrenia

KW - Oral psycho-educational group

M3 - 文章

VL - 1

SP - 55

EP - 60

JO - 精神衛生護理雜誌

JF - 精神衛生護理雜誌

SN - 1004-3160

IS - 2

ER -