宜蘭縣九所國、高中職學生吸菸行為之影響因素研究

李碧霞, 吳德敏, 祝年豐, 賴香如, 趙國欣, 李欣憶, 鍾宜君, 劉姿鈺

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between tobacco knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, refusal skills, alternatives, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and smoking behavior among high school students. Self-administered questionnaires were used for the sample, supervised by class teachers. Randomly selected 52 classes from 5 senior and 4 junior high schools in E-Lan County were surveyed. Totally, 1946 students provided data with 97.2% response rate.
The results showed that the prevalence rate of smoking among junior and senior high school students were 17.6% and 24.4, respectively. Compared with nonsmokers, smoking students had lower self-efficacy, refusal skills and alternatives for smoking. On the contrary, smoking students were more likely to have family smoking and friend smoking. Junior high school students’ self-efficacy, antismoking attitudes, refusal skills, alternatives, family smoking and friend smoking were associated with smoking status. Moreover, these six variables could explain 34.5% of variance. Related to senior high school students, smoking status was associated with self- efficacy, anti-smoking attitudes, alternatives, and the likelihood of ETS exposure at home, family smoking and friend smoking. Totally, these six variables could explain 33.5% of variance. Developing antismoking programs, exploring ETS in campus and building smoking free school were recommended.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)21-39
Journal衛生教育學報
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • cigarette smoking
  • knowledge of smoking hazard
  • anti-smoking attitudes
  • self-efficacy
  • refusal skills
  • high school students

Cite this

李碧霞, 吳德敏, 祝年豐, 賴香如, 趙國欣, 李欣憶, 鍾宜君, & 劉姿鈺 (2004). 宜蘭縣九所國、高中職學生吸菸行為之影響因素研究. 衛生教育學報, 21-39.