This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationships among demographics, personality traits, and smartphone usage of a sample of university students. The purposive sampling was employed to recruit the participants from four universities. A structured self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Responses from 385 students were used to analyze data (response rate: 94.59%). The results were summarized as follows: 1. The university students daily spent less than 180 minutes on using smartphones. Monthly pocket money, getting along with classmates, and monthly household income significantly influenced the smartphone usage. Additionally, extraversion and emotional stability significantly affected the smartphone usage. 2. The university students' smartphone use exhibited moderate levels of dependency in the last three months. The major as management or business, monthly pocket money more than NT 9,001 dollars, and monthly household income less than NT 50,000 and more than NT 100,001 dollars were significantly positively associated with the smartphone use dependence. In addition, conscientiousness and emotional stability were negatively related to the smartphone use dependence. The results of this study imply that parents should recognize their children how to spend the pocket money. In addition, they should assist their children in developing appropriate attitudes and accurate knowledge of the smartphone usage. Moreover, the schools can use peer support to reduce the usage of the smartphone through holding group activities. Furthermore, longitudinal studies are needed to understand the long-term effects and causal links among demographics, personal traits and the smartphone usage.
|Original language||Chinese (Traditional)|
|Number of pages||27|
|Journal||Chinese Journal of School Health|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|