國中生口腔保健成效研究-以健康促進學校六大範疇為推動策略

游春音, 梁宜芬, 胡益進, 苗迺芳, 蕭伃伶

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of oral health care of junior high school students after the policy intervention of the six key features of the Health-Promoting School. The population of this study was the first-grade students of two junior high schools in Taoyuan City. Based on a quasi-experimental design, the experimental group used the "six key features of the Health-Promoting School" model to intervene and lasted for 4 months, while the control group used the Grade 1-9 Curriculum Guidelines without any intervention as usual. By using self-made questionnaire survey to do the pre-test, the post-test, and their statistical analysis, this study finally had the valid data as 84 students in the experimental group, 76 students in the control group, and a total of 160 ones. The main findings were as follows: 1. After the policy intervention, including its implementation of a total of 24 items, the feature of "School Health Policies" performed best. As for the "School Health Services," which included "teeth cleaning activities after meals," "calling in the teeth cleaning checklists," and "teeth cleaning performance after meals," though the classes practiced not so well, they could be improved to do better after communication and negotiation. 2. ANCOVA analysis found that this policy intervention could enhance the knowledge and attitude of oral health care of the study object, but not the behavior of it immediately. As for the knowledge aspect, the correct rate the post-test was higher than that of the pre-test of the experimental group, and the progress rate of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group. As for the attitude, the score of the post-test was higher than that of the pre-test of the experimental group, and the people with a positive attitude increased, while the performance in the control group regressed. According to the findings, this study recommend that the six key features of the Health-Promoting School would be good strategies to improve the situation of oral health care, and might benefit the implementation in schools and policy making of government.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalChinese Journal of School Health
Issue number67
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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