台北市國中生自尊、身體意象與運動行爲相關性研究

賴香如, 李碧霞, 吳德敏, 趙國欣, 呂昌明, 卓俊辰, 蔡雅惠, 陳美昭

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of self-esteem, body image and exercise of junior high school students in Taipei and examine their relationships. By using stages stratified random sampling, seventh and eighth grade students were selected from 12 schools in 6 Taipei districts. Totally 48 classes, 1,343 of valid samples provided data with a self-administered questionnaire. Data was analyzed with Independent-samples t test, chi-square test, One-way ANOVA and Pearson product- moment correlation. Overall, the results indicated that:
1. The scores of global, physical and social self-esteem are middle tended to positive among respondents. Male's physical self-esteem is higher than female's; while female’s social self-esteem is higher than male's. The physical self-esteem of the seventh graders is higher than those of the eighth graders. Global, physical and social self-esteem of those with lighter BMI is higher than those with normal or heavier BMI.
2. The level of body image is middle tended to positive among respondents. The appearance Orientation scales of males are lower than females, but other factors are higher.
3. Regular exercise rate of subjects is 44.5%. The regular exercise rate of males is higher than females, and the rate of seventh graders is higher than eighth graders.
4. There are positive correlations among global, physical, social self-esteem and body image both in males and females.
5. The global, physical and social self-esteem of the subjects who do exercise regularly are higher than those who don't. The global, physical and social self-esteem of the subjects who often do exercise with others are higher than the ones who do exercise alone.
6. Body image of the subjects with regular exercise is higher than the ones with no regular exercise. Furthermore, body image of subjects who often do exercise with others is higher than the ones who don't do exercise or do it alone.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)73-103
Number of pages31
Journal衛生教育學報
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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