免疫調節配方對加護病房患者淋巴球分佈及白血球黏著分子表現之影響

賴 聖如(Sen-Ju Lai), 林 明燦(Ming-Tsan Lin), 趙 安怡(Anne Chao), Sung-Ling Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study compared the effects of immune-modulating and general balanced formulas on lymphocyte distribution and leukocyte adhesion molecule expression in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Twelve patients with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score 8~15 were allocated to 2 groups. Control group received general balanced formula whereas test group received either one of the immune-modulating formula (Impact-glutamine or Nu-Immune). The immune-modulating formulas contain arginine ω-3 fatty acid and glutamine in addition to complete balanced nutrition. Blood samples were collected before and 3 and 7 d after enteral feeding in all patients, and were analyzed for lymphocyte distribution and leukocyte adhesion molecule expression by flow cytometry. The results showed that after enteral feeding for 3 days, the CD8 percentage was higher and CD4/CD8 ratio was lower in the test group than those of the control group. There were no differences in CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19 distribution and leukocyte CD11a/CD18, CD11b/CD18 expression before and after enteral feeding in both groups. Also, no differences in these parameters were observed between the 2 groups. Since CD3 is the marker of T cells and CD19 is the marker of B cells, and CD11a/CD18, CD11b/CD18 expression are correlated with inflammatory reaction, these results suggest that immuno-modulating formulas do not result in immunosuppression. Compared with the balanced formula, immuno-modulating formula had no favorable effect on lymphocyte distribution and leukocyte associated inflammation in ICU patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalNutritional Sciences Journal
Volume32
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2007

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Enteral Nutrition
Cell Adhesion Molecules
Lymphocytes
Glutamine
Intensive Care Units
Leukocytes
CD4-CD8 Ratio
Control Groups
APACHE
Immunosuppression
Arginine
Flow Cytometry
B-Lymphocytes
Fatty Acids
Inflammation
T-Lymphocytes

Keywords

  • ICU patients
  • Immune-modulating formula
  • lymphocyte distribution
  • leukocyte adhesion molecule

Cite this

賴聖如(Sen-Ju L, 林明燦(Ming-Tsan L, 趙安怡(Anne C, & Yeh, S-L. (2007). 免疫調節配方對加護病房患者淋巴球分佈及白血球黏著分子表現之影響. Nutritional Sciences Journal, 32(1), 1-8.

免疫調節配方對加護病房患者淋巴球分佈及白血球黏著分子表現之影響. / 賴聖如(Sen-Ju Lai); 林明燦(Ming-Tsan Lin); 趙安怡(Anne Chao); Yeh, Sung-Ling.

In: Nutritional Sciences Journal, Vol. 32, No. 1, 01.03.2007, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

賴聖如(Sen-JuL, 林明燦(Ming-TsanL, 趙安怡(AnneC & Yeh, S-L 2007, '免疫調節配方對加護病房患者淋巴球分佈及白血球黏著分子表現之影響', Nutritional Sciences Journal, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 1-8.
賴聖如(Sen-JuL, 林明燦(Ming-TsanL, 趙安怡(AnneC, Yeh S-L. 免疫調節配方對加護病房患者淋巴球分佈及白血球黏著分子表現之影響. Nutritional Sciences Journal. 2007 Mar 1;32(1):1-8.
賴聖如(Sen-Ju Lai) ; 林明燦(Ming-Tsan Lin) ; 趙安怡(Anne Chao) ; Yeh, Sung-Ling. / 免疫調節配方對加護病房患者淋巴球分佈及白血球黏著分子表現之影響. In: Nutritional Sciences Journal. 2007 ; Vol. 32, No. 1. pp. 1-8.
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abstract = "This study compared the effects of immune-modulating and general balanced formulas on lymphocyte distribution and leukocyte adhesion molecule expression in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Twelve patients with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score 8~15 were allocated to 2 groups. Control group received general balanced formula whereas test group received either one of the immune-modulating formula (Impact-glutamine or Nu-Immune). The immune-modulating formulas contain arginine ω-3 fatty acid and glutamine in addition to complete balanced nutrition. Blood samples were collected before and 3 and 7 d after enteral feeding in all patients, and were analyzed for lymphocyte distribution and leukocyte adhesion molecule expression by flow cytometry. The results showed that after enteral feeding for 3 days, the CD8 percentage was higher and CD4/CD8 ratio was lower in the test group than those of the control group. There were no differences in CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19 distribution and leukocyte CD11a/CD18, CD11b/CD18 expression before and after enteral feeding in both groups. Also, no differences in these parameters were observed between the 2 groups. Since CD3 is the marker of T cells and CD19 is the marker of B cells, and CD11a/CD18, CD11b/CD18 expression are correlated with inflammatory reaction, these results suggest that immuno-modulating formulas do not result in immunosuppression. Compared with the balanced formula, immuno-modulating formula had no favorable effect on lymphocyte distribution and leukocyte associated inflammation in ICU patients.",
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AU - 賴, 聖如(Sen-Ju Lai)

AU - 林, 明燦(Ming-Tsan Lin)

AU - 趙, 安怡(Anne Chao)

AU - Yeh, Sung-Ling

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N2 - This study compared the effects of immune-modulating and general balanced formulas on lymphocyte distribution and leukocyte adhesion molecule expression in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Twelve patients with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score 8~15 were allocated to 2 groups. Control group received general balanced formula whereas test group received either one of the immune-modulating formula (Impact-glutamine or Nu-Immune). The immune-modulating formulas contain arginine ω-3 fatty acid and glutamine in addition to complete balanced nutrition. Blood samples were collected before and 3 and 7 d after enteral feeding in all patients, and were analyzed for lymphocyte distribution and leukocyte adhesion molecule expression by flow cytometry. The results showed that after enteral feeding for 3 days, the CD8 percentage was higher and CD4/CD8 ratio was lower in the test group than those of the control group. There were no differences in CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19 distribution and leukocyte CD11a/CD18, CD11b/CD18 expression before and after enteral feeding in both groups. Also, no differences in these parameters were observed between the 2 groups. Since CD3 is the marker of T cells and CD19 is the marker of B cells, and CD11a/CD18, CD11b/CD18 expression are correlated with inflammatory reaction, these results suggest that immuno-modulating formulas do not result in immunosuppression. Compared with the balanced formula, immuno-modulating formula had no favorable effect on lymphocyte distribution and leukocyte associated inflammation in ICU patients.

AB - This study compared the effects of immune-modulating and general balanced formulas on lymphocyte distribution and leukocyte adhesion molecule expression in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Twelve patients with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score 8~15 were allocated to 2 groups. Control group received general balanced formula whereas test group received either one of the immune-modulating formula (Impact-glutamine or Nu-Immune). The immune-modulating formulas contain arginine ω-3 fatty acid and glutamine in addition to complete balanced nutrition. Blood samples were collected before and 3 and 7 d after enteral feeding in all patients, and were analyzed for lymphocyte distribution and leukocyte adhesion molecule expression by flow cytometry. The results showed that after enteral feeding for 3 days, the CD8 percentage was higher and CD4/CD8 ratio was lower in the test group than those of the control group. There were no differences in CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19 distribution and leukocyte CD11a/CD18, CD11b/CD18 expression before and after enteral feeding in both groups. Also, no differences in these parameters were observed between the 2 groups. Since CD3 is the marker of T cells and CD19 is the marker of B cells, and CD11a/CD18, CD11b/CD18 expression are correlated with inflammatory reaction, these results suggest that immuno-modulating formulas do not result in immunosuppression. Compared with the balanced formula, immuno-modulating formula had no favorable effect on lymphocyte distribution and leukocyte associated inflammation in ICU patients.

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KW - leukocyte adhesion molecule

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