β-Sitosterol inhibits cell cycle progression of rat aortic smooth muscle cells through increases of p21cip1 protein

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Abstract

Abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. β-Sitosterol, an important phytosterol found in plant food, is known to exert antiatherosclerosis activity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying β-sitosterol- induced antiproliferation of VSMCs were still not clear. This study demonstrated that β-sitosterol (1-20 μM) concentration-dependently inhibited proliferation of rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) without cytotoxic effect. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that β-sitosterol arrested cell cycle progression through down-regulation of cyclin E and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)2 and up-regulation of p21cip1. In the β-sitosterol-treated RASMCs, the formation of the CDK2-p21cip1 complex was increased and the assayable CDK2 activity was decreased. Knockdown of the expression of p21cip1 gene prevented β-sitosterol-induced cell cycle arrest in RASMCs. In conclusion, β-sitosterol inhibited VSMC proliferation by increasing the levels of p21cip1 protein, which in turn inhibited the CDK2 activity, and finally interrupted the progress of the cell cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10064-10069
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume58
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 22 2010

Fingerprint

sitosterols
smooth muscle
myocytes
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Muscle
Rats
cell cycle
Cell Cycle
Cells
rats
Vascular Smooth Muscle
blood vessels
Proteins
proteins
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2
Phytosterols
Cyclin E
Edible Plants
cyclin-dependent kinase
phytosterols

Keywords

  • β-Sitosterol
  • CDK2
  • cell cycle arrest
  • p21
  • rat aortic smooth muscle cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "β-Sitosterol inhibits cell cycle progression of rat aortic smooth muscle cells through increases of p21cip1 protein",
abstract = "Abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. β-Sitosterol, an important phytosterol found in plant food, is known to exert antiatherosclerosis activity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying β-sitosterol- induced antiproliferation of VSMCs were still not clear. This study demonstrated that β-sitosterol (1-20 μM) concentration-dependently inhibited proliferation of rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) without cytotoxic effect. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that β-sitosterol arrested cell cycle progression through down-regulation of cyclin E and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)2 and up-regulation of p21cip1. In the β-sitosterol-treated RASMCs, the formation of the CDK2-p21cip1 complex was increased and the assayable CDK2 activity was decreased. Knockdown of the expression of p21cip1 gene prevented β-sitosterol-induced cell cycle arrest in RASMCs. In conclusion, β-sitosterol inhibited VSMC proliferation by increasing the levels of p21cip1 protein, which in turn inhibited the CDK2 activity, and finally interrupted the progress of the cell cycle.",
keywords = "β-Sitosterol, CDK2, cell cycle arrest, p21, rat aortic smooth muscle cells",
author = "Chien, {Ming Hsien} and Lee, {Tong Sheng} and Liang, {Yu Chih} and Lee, {Wen Sen}",
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T1 - β-Sitosterol inhibits cell cycle progression of rat aortic smooth muscle cells through increases of p21cip1 protein

AU - Chien, Ming Hsien

AU - Lee, Tong Sheng

AU - Liang, Yu Chih

AU - Lee, Wen Sen

PY - 2010/9/22

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N2 - Abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. β-Sitosterol, an important phytosterol found in plant food, is known to exert antiatherosclerosis activity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying β-sitosterol- induced antiproliferation of VSMCs were still not clear. This study demonstrated that β-sitosterol (1-20 μM) concentration-dependently inhibited proliferation of rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) without cytotoxic effect. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that β-sitosterol arrested cell cycle progression through down-regulation of cyclin E and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)2 and up-regulation of p21cip1. In the β-sitosterol-treated RASMCs, the formation of the CDK2-p21cip1 complex was increased and the assayable CDK2 activity was decreased. Knockdown of the expression of p21cip1 gene prevented β-sitosterol-induced cell cycle arrest in RASMCs. In conclusion, β-sitosterol inhibited VSMC proliferation by increasing the levels of p21cip1 protein, which in turn inhibited the CDK2 activity, and finally interrupted the progress of the cell cycle.

AB - Abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. β-Sitosterol, an important phytosterol found in plant food, is known to exert antiatherosclerosis activity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying β-sitosterol- induced antiproliferation of VSMCs were still not clear. This study demonstrated that β-sitosterol (1-20 μM) concentration-dependently inhibited proliferation of rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) without cytotoxic effect. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that β-sitosterol arrested cell cycle progression through down-regulation of cyclin E and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)2 and up-regulation of p21cip1. In the β-sitosterol-treated RASMCs, the formation of the CDK2-p21cip1 complex was increased and the assayable CDK2 activity was decreased. Knockdown of the expression of p21cip1 gene prevented β-sitosterol-induced cell cycle arrest in RASMCs. In conclusion, β-sitosterol inhibited VSMC proliferation by increasing the levels of p21cip1 protein, which in turn inhibited the CDK2 activity, and finally interrupted the progress of the cell cycle.

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KW - rat aortic smooth muscle cells

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