Lung cancer is one the leading malignant tumors in Taiwan and also worldwide. The prevalence of lung cancer is significantly increased in both genders in last two decades in Taiwan. In 2010, lung cancer ranks first in major malignant tumors in Taiwan and the mortality rate of 19.7%. The tumorigenesis of lung cancer is still unknown although lifestyle, dietary, and perhaps other environmental factors are important risk factors. Molecular events involved in lung cancer are heterogenous and include genetic and epigenetic abnormalities. KRAS and EGFR pathways have been described in molecular events of lung cancer tumorigenesis. Both pathways involve the stepwise accumulation of multiple mutations, but the genes involved and the mechanism by which the mutations accumulate differ. But little is known about how many genes involved and detailed gene changes in tumorigenesis and in affecting the biologic behaviors of lung cancer. Recently, histone 3 K4 demethylase JARID1B have been found to play as prognostic marker of cancer progression in some cancers. Histone 3 K4 demethylase has been showed to be involved in tumorigenesis and progression of human cancers suggesting the important roles of histone demethylation in tumor cell behavior. However, recent evidences have shown paradoxical results as the expression levels of some histone 3 K4 demethylase subgroups were found down regulated in tumorigenecity while other subgroups was overexpressed in distal metastasis. Histone 3 K4 demethylase JARID1B is the essential core subgroup of histone 3 K4 demethylase whose functions have never been defined in lung cancers and its cancer stem cells counterpart. Our preliminary data showed expression of JARID1B protein in the tumor cells of lung cancer by immunohistochemistry and western blot. Meanwhile, the expression of JARID1B seemed statistically correlated with patients’ outcome (in two cohorts from the Prognoscan database). However, the clinical significance of JARID1B remains to be verified and its functional mechanisms in tumorigenesis of NSCLC are still not clear. In this three-year project, we propose comprehensive study to determine role of JARID1B gene in tumorigenesis and progression as well its detailed functional mechanisms in lung cancer. We will also perform the experiment of therapeutic effect of JARID1B inhibitor in lung cancer using animal model. In first year, the expression of JARID1B protein and related up-stream and down-stream proteins in lung tumor tissues will be studied using primary tissue materials and immunohistochemical method in our cohort of lung tumor samples. The results of IHC will be collected and correlated with clinical data of the patients. In second year, functional mechanisms, including cell proliferation, caner stem cells self-renewal activity, migration and invasion abilities in vitro, colony forming capacity and soft agar colony forming ability of JARID1B gene in lung cancer will be studied using knockdown and overexpression of JARID1B gene in lung cancer cell lines. In third year, the effects of JARID1B gene in tumor tissues of lung cancer in vivo, including abilities of tumor formation and metastasis, will be studied using stable clone of knockdown and overexpression of JARID1B -transfeced lung cancer cell lines in NOD-SCID mouse. The therapeutic role of JARID1B inhibitor will be tested in animal experiments. Through this study, we will understand and clarify the role and molecular mechanisms of JARID1B gene in tumorigenesis of lung cancer and provide information for combined molecularly targeted therapy for lung cancer in the future.
|Effective start/end date||8/1/15 → 7/31/16|