新住民親職性教育與夫妻性溝通之研究

Project: A - Government Institutionf - Other (Funded by Government)

Description

1. Research Background
Taiwanese people have consistently maintained an evasive attitude towards
children’s sex education. Due to issues of language, social status, and ability,
foreign-born women who come to Taiwan for marriage may have less time or fewer
means to educate their children about sex. However, there are many problems with
children’s sex education among new residents, who mainly have to rely on their parents
to implement sex education. Nevertheless, research into the current situation and needs
of parental sex education among new residents remains lacking. This study aims to
provide an understanding of the current situation and needs for sex education among
new residents, as well as of sexual communication and sexual violence between spouses;
this study also seeks to develop a manual on parental sex education for new residents.
2. Research Methods and Procedures
The research framework that was adopted placed equal emphasis on quantitative
and qualitative approaches. Six counties in western Taiwan (New Taipei City, Taoyuan,
Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and Taipei) and one county in eastern Taiwan (Hualien)
were selected for sampling; in these counties, there are relatively higher populations of
new residents. The research subjects included new residents from Mainland China,
Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Cambodia and the sample
distribution was based on proportional allocation. A total of 1,431 participants of data
related to parental sex education and 1,035 participants related to sexual communication
between spouses were collected. Additionally, t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and
Pearson’s product-moment correlation analysis were applied to conduct inferential
statistical analyses.
3. Key Findings
Research results were obtained; new residents’ average scores for questions
pertaining to parent-to-child communication on sexual topics, self-confidence regarding
communication on sexual topics, and the need for parental sex education were 2.45 
0.81 points (out of 5 points), 2.93  1.05 points (out of 5 points), and 2.67  0.61 points
(out of 4 points), respectively. The most frequently raised issues in parental sex
education are how to protect oneself, how to maintain personal genital hygiene, and the
physiological and psychological changes that occur in puberty. The topics within sex
education that parents had the most confidence in discussing were self-protection,
maintaining personal genital hygiene, and gender equality. The most necessary topics
within parental sex education included self-protection as well as communication and
clarification techniques. Among the six ethnic groups, new residents of Mainland
Chinese or Thai nationality had the lowest rate of parent-to-child communication about
sex. New residents of Vietnamese nationality had greater confidence in communication
than did new residents from Mainland China and Thailand. The need for sex education
among new residents from Cambodia, Vietnam, and Indonesia was higher than among
those from Mainland China. The average scores for Dyadic Sexual Communication
Scale (DSC), and Couple Communication on Sex Scale (CCSS) were 3.73  0.64 points
(out of 6 points), and 1.87  0.53 points (out of 3 points), respectively. Among new
residents, 17% had experienced violent behavior or verbal threats in being coerced to
have sexual intercourse by their spouses. In addition, this research resulted in the
production of a manual on parental sex education for new residents in three languages,
including simplified Chinese, Vietnamese, and Indonesian. The average scores for
manual reading comprehension, graphics configuration, and content useful were 3.27 
0.31 points (out of 4 points).
4. Main Recommendations
Based on these findings, we propose some recommendations for government
agencies and new residents:
(1) Government agencies
a. Immediately available recommendations
a) Increase new residents’ confidence in communication during parental sex education
and address their needs for sex education
The National Immigration Agency and other governmental departments and units
responsible for new residents should take the initiative in handling activities regarding
parental sex education in order to increase relevant knowledge in the area of sex
education among new residents, improve parent-to-child communication techniques,
and provide resources and channels for sex education. This will increase their
confidence in communicating regarding sexual topics and satisfy the need for parental
sex education.
b) Research and develop a manual on sex education for new residents and conduct
interventional research on parental sex education
New residents attempting to read and comprehend manuals on sex education in
traditional Chinese may encounter difficulty; in this regard, the government should
allocate funds to employ experts and scholars to compile manuals on sex education for
new residents in different languages to enable them access this information.
Furthermore, interventional research on parental sex education should be conduct
among this group. On the one hand, this will raise the level of knowledge about parental
sex education among new residents; on the other hand, it will allow us to assess the
suitability of these manuals, thereby promoting their accessibility.
c) Addressing concerns regarding marital status and sexual violence among new
residents
By establishing marriage consultation services for new residents and a helpline for
victims of sexual violence that is staffed with professional translators, new residents can
be provided immediate support and assistance to new residents.
b. Mid- to long-term recommendations
a) Set up a “one-stop service” for new-resident victims of sexual violence to simplify
the process and assist new residents
A “one-stop service” for new-resident victims of sexual violence should be
established in every major hospital; moreover, “victim-centered” services should be
promoted with the cooperation of the police agency and socio-political organizations to
achieve simpler and quicker operating procedures in order to better protect victims.
b) Emphasis on gender issues, premarital education
The National Immigration Agency should stipulate that people intending a
transnational marriage must receive gender-oriented and premarital education before
they can register their marriage. Such policy could enhance their ability to communicate
with their spouse and reduce the likelihood of family conflicts and domestic violence.
c) Handling domestic happiness lecture
Domestic happiness lecture for new residents should be held to improve the coping
skills of new residentsand enhance their family well-being.
d) Conduct research on marriage, sexual communication, and sexual violence among
new residents
In addition to continuing quantitative research and carrying out extensive surveys
to understand the issues of marriage, sexual communication, and sexual violence among
new residents, we recommend conducting qualitative research to obtain a deeper
understanding of these issues.
(2) New residents
a. Concerned about their children's sex education
A total of 50% of new residents communicate with their children about sexuality
issues; however, children of the contemporary era are curious about sexuality issues,
and thus new residents should be more involved in sex education for their children.
b. Initiative to collect related resources and actively participate in associations or
communities
New residents cannot easily access information and resources related to sex
education probably because of their language barriers and insufficient support system.
We suggest that new residents should actively participate in associations or
communities for new residents. Moreover, they should take the initiative to collect
related resources to meet their needs for sexuality education and to enhance their ability
for doing children’s sexuality education.
c. Actively seek and use services related to marriage, marital sexual communication,
and sexual violence prevention
New residents should actively seek and use services related to marriage, marital
sexual communication, and sexual violence prevention to enhance their marriage and
family happiness.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/1/1512/31/15

Keywords

  • new resident
  • parental sexuality education
  • sexuality education need
  • sexual communication
  • sexual violence