RBM4-MEF2C network constitutes a feed-forward circuit that facilitates the differentiation of brown adipocytes



Myocyte enhancer factor 2c (MEF2C) is the MADS-box type transcription factor involved in the differentiation of cardiac and skeletal muscle and synaptic formation. Alternatively spliced transcripts of the <i>MEF2C</i> gene were proven to encode isoforms which exert distinct functions in transcriptional regulation. During the differentiation of brown adipocytes, upregulated RBM4 enhanced skipping of the <i>MEF2C</i>γ region which functions as a transcriptional repressor. The presence of an overexpressed MEF2Cγ- isoform in turn induced transcriptional activity of the <i>RBM4</i> promoter, constituting a positive feedback circuit in differentiating brown adipocytes. The RBM4-MEF2Cγ- network induced the expression of "myogenic" miR-1 to a greater extent than did <i>PRDM17, BMP7 C/EBP</i>β, or <i>UCP1</i> transcripts in C3H10T1/2 cells. Overexpression of miR-1 independently exerted the same activity as RBM4 and the MEF2Cγ- isoform of upregulating brown adipocyte-specific factors in C3H10T1/2 cells, which suggests a potential effect of miR-1 on brown adipocytes. These results indicated that the RBM4-MEF2C-miR-1 network constitutes a novel mechanism which programs the gene expression profile toward the development of brown adipocytes.
Date made available2015
PublisherTaylor & Francis

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